It may start out as a minor effect, but it will always be unpleasant. Othello is jealous, which leads him to want to poison Desdemona. The final events of the fall action are a result of his jealousy, and Iago’s manipulative behavior in this passage. This passage employs a variety of literary devices to guide the reader toward the ending.

The reader can gain insight by using dramatic techniques in the passage. This passage uses dramatic techniques to foreshadow Desdemona’s demise. Othello informs readers that he does not wish Desdemona’s life to continue. Iago saying “And Cassio, please let me become his undertaker is also a good example of foreshadowing. You will hear much more before midnight.” (IV. i., 206-207), foreshadowing his attempt to kill Cassio. The Greek word hamartia for error or fault is also used to create drama in this passage. Othello believes that Iago and Cassio are talking about Desdemona and is finally possessed by jealousy. In response, he swears to kill Cassio as well as Desdemona. It is clear from his first sentence in this passage, “How will I murder him Iago?” (4, i. 167), that Cassio is the one he intends to kill. Desdemona is killed by Othello because of his mistake.

The passage ends with a literary device called characterization. The characters in this passage don’t develop much further because they are still based on their current traits. Iago is concerned about Othello’s well-being when he informs him of the handkerchief. He makes statements that are true of Othello’s views, such “She’s worst for it all.” (IV.i.188), and “O! ’tis vile in her!”. Othello’s traits are also apparent in this passage, including his love of Desdemona. Desdemona may be cheating on Othello, but he continues to talk about her like she’s innocent. Othello, for example, says in Act IV Scene i lines 184 – 187 “Hang Her!” She is a musician who is incredibly talented and delicate. She can bring out the brutality in a tiger! “O of such high and plentiful wit and imagination!” (IV, I, 184 – 187). This shows that Othello’s anger is because Othello believes that a woman so perfect is capable of betraying him. Othello then hesitates before strangling her in later parts of the play. This passage also shows Iago’s deceptiveness. Iago is able to show his false loyalty toward Othello near the end by offering Othello some ideas. “Do not do it with poison. Strangle her even in the bed she has contaminated.” (IV. i. 203-204) This helps him gain Othello’s confidence by saying that “And let me be Cassio’s undertaker.” You will hear more at midnight.” (IV, i. 206-207). Iago’s deceptiveness makes other characters trust him to the end of his play.

Othello’s story is largely shaped by themes. The reader can view Othello in a new light by understanding the themes. Several themes are used to reveal the next events and advance the story. Themes include manipulation, gender, and jealousy. Iago’s manipulation is one of the themes that runs throughout the whole play. Iago has a clever way of using manipulation to make Othello angry. He speaks in a manner that is sure to irritate him. Iago speaks things like, “Did You Perceive How He Laughed at His Vice?” (IV. i., 168),”did you see his handkerchief?”(IV. i., 170),and “Yours By This Hand! Iago says things like “Did you perceive how he laughed at his vice?” (IV, i, 168), “did you see the handkerchief?” (IV. i. 170), and “Yours by this hand!” Cassio’s actions are used to anger Othello, who then says, “I will have him nine-years-a-killing!” (IV. I, 175). The passage also focuses on jealousy. Othello became a tragic figure because of his jealousy. Othello reveals his jealousy at line 196 of the passage. “I’ll chop her into mess!” he declares. Cuckold-me!” (IV. I, 196), which shows his certainty that Desdemona has betrayed him. This passage also has a strong theme of hatred. Othello’s envy turned into hatred as was mentioned earlier. He hates Cassio and Desdemona for having betrayed him. Othello said, “Get Me Some Poison, Iago” this evening because of his anger. I won’t argue with her, for fear her body or beauty may unbalance my mind this night.

Othello’s jealousy is the driving force behind the falling action. Iago’s manipulative speeches and Othello himself are the catalysts. This is done by using literary devices to create the story, including dramatic techniques foreshadowing Desdemona’s loss and Cassio’s injury, character development to make the characters fit the last segment of the drama, and themes to help develop the entire play. Iago was truly blessed with a perfect constellation of stars. Othello’s story may not have been possible without these miracles.


  • rowandavid

    I am a 32-year-old educational blogger and student. I love to share my knowledge and experiences with others through writing. I believe that knowledge is power, and I am passionate about helping others learn and grow.